In 1807, the Allegheny River, by law, was made a public highway. The first raft ran from Olean Point down river to Pittsburg, PA. This momentous event led ironically to both the development and underdevelopment of the southern portion of Cattaraugus County.
The Holland Land Company purchased over 3 million acres of land west of the Genesee River during the 1790s. Joseph Ellicott (1760-1826) was appointed as the Holland Land Company local agent out of Batavia, NY. Joseph was trained as a surveyor by his brother Andrew who had surveyed Washington, DC.
Where are the old schoolhouses? There are more than 170 common (elementary mostly one room school buildings) remaining in Cattaraugus County. We would like to compile them into a brochure to make them accessible to everyone; however, many are now private residences.
Peter Ten Broeck, without an heir to his fortune, and having passed the meridian of his life, had for a long time contemplated and finally planned to bestow his wealth so that it might do the greatest good to the greatest number, and establish imperishable honor to his name. As fast as his estate could be turned into ready means, he had decreed that the balance be expended in an endowment and construction of a literary institution known as “Ten Broeck Free Academy.” In his last will and testament, after providing certain sums of money to relatives and friends, the balance of his estate am
When a pioneer farmer in the early 1800’s arrived at his recently acquired property, the first thing that he saw was trees. He would cut the trees to build a cabin, a barn, storage building and fences. However, there were still countless trees left. Then he would start to clear land for meadows. He needed open fields to plant crops and raise his livestock. So he continued cutting down trees and burning them to ashes.
“In 1843 Wm. Hurd Eddy braving the dangers of the wilderness moved his family of six by ox-team still further into the country. Six children including Frances, in her mother’s arms, crowded in the wagon, three were girls, two were boys [and Frances held by Mama] making six children in all. Later in life the girls married becoming Mary Eddy Harvey, Nancy Eddy Simmons, Lydia Eddy Harvey Bowen. The boys, William Henry Eddy married Lucy Pratt, James Wyman Eddy married Jane Harvey. William H.